MIKE WAITE served in the Dorset Police for 20 years as a police motorcycle instructor training police officers to the very highest level of high-speed pursuit riding. Now you can buy his expert training DVD on Amazon.co.uk & Amazon.com.
HAVING seen an advertisement for your Police Advanced Riding Techniques video in a popular national riders’ journal, I promptly sought more details from your website before telephoning to order a copy, so I hope you will not mind if I offer my first impressions—though I know from experience that by no means all genuine experts welcome criticism of any kind, even when it is directed at individuals or firms who have been assisting with production—or perhaps I should say especially when so directed. It is painful to criticize willing friends . . .Anyway, secondly the praise and congratulations that are due to all concerned. The benchmarks that I use for comparison are in no particular order of excellence, because your video ranks with the very best I have so far encountered: that made by then Police Traffic Sergeant and Institute of Advanced Motorists examiner on motorbikes, cars, and HGVs Rennie Ritchie, shown at the 1990 IAM Motorcycle Rally in Lancaster, with the disclaimer that it was not intended as an instructional film with the Institute’s blessing, but “could be used in any way to further motorcycling”, which had no title, and it is or was available free from him on receipt of a stamped, addressed envelope with a blank video cassette; Top Rider, the Skills of Superbiking, by Kerry Dunlop for the British Motorcyclists’ Federation and the IAM in 1994; and, but on cars, not bikes, the video Roadcraft, an Advanced Driving Course, based upon Police training at Hendon, for both the IAM and the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, at a high level of skills but naturally not to pursuit standard; Shire Training Services High Performance Motorcycle Riding Skills video; and the Focus Lifestyle PC CD-Rom car-based Driving Test Theory Success (including the new Hazard Perception CD-Rom), a close copy of the official material. What all of those videos (and the unofficial but very good indeed Hazard Perception CD-Rom for learner drivers), and now including your own superb video, have in common is not ensuring that what can be seen by the rider/driver in the far distance, and expertly commented upon in the ‘film’, also is clearly visible to the video/CD-Rom viewer; this being apparent to me in the first instance when the IAM’s Advanced Driving journal featured a few scenes from the DSA’s own Hazard Perception set-up for use in L-testing stations, one example being of a child running into the road who could not be detected in the picture—and it is the same with my CD-Rom. As for your video, although I have described it as one of the best I have seen, and wished it had gone on for a whole lot longer than its published length, so as to be far more comprehensive—as I would expect from the Roadcraft people, had they the good sense to make a motorcycle video as good as the one for aspiring advanced car drivers—I suggest you could have made clearer the dangers of unexpected dips in the roadway, making nonsense of the Police mantra of “being able to stop within the distance one can see to be clear”, needing to be amended to what one knows to be clear. Also, although I would be happy to ride as pillion with you or your filmed companion, I am afraid that some of the road safety ignoramuses who call for “slower” speed limits—and don’t forget that very often largely ill-informed Authority tends to take their inexpert ‘nannying’ approach quite seriously—would be having kittens with fright if put in a position to see close-up your surgical overtaking skills!A.D.
The main overtakes on roads which in their very nature are twisty are from righthand bends. Using the police system we choose a righthand bend, considering an overtake. On the approach from an extended following position we should be evaluating the driver and vehicle up ahead, considering what he will do at the bend. Take into account his age, speed of the vehicle, and the type of vehicle being driven, whether loaded or empty, small or large and whether the driver is likely to brake. All these items, and more, add to the distance you would occupy behind it on the approach to the bend.
The skill of the rider is to take up the correct distance from the vehicle on approach and to get to the overtaking position just as the righthand side of the road beyond the bend comes into view. Our position would mainly be to the nearside and closing. We need to keep the view on the righthand side of the vehicle on the approach to a righthand bend, this being very important with a large goods vehicle or any vehicle that can block the view from our position on the nearside to the leading edge of the righthand side of the bend. The position would most probably be a following position at this time.
The closer we get to the bend the more view we have and when all the elements are right and it is safe to do so we would try to achieve an overtaking position. This being reasonably close to it. Overtaking position is a point where the righthand edge of the road comes into view beyond the righthand bend. At this point our observations would give us information on all of the following; speed of the vehicle or vehicles we are about to overtake, our speed and speed of vehicles in view. Consider any possible vehicles out of view that may be approaching at high speed. We need the correct gear, a place to overtake to, the right amount of throttle required to overtake without braking, and the ability to move away from the vehicle being overtaken, without causing the driver to brake if we move in front of him
We assess any hazards such as junctions, double white lines and obstructions, taking into account road surfaces and weather conditions. All these things have to be considered in a flash to affect the perfect overtake. If one element is missing one should never overtake. If in doubt, hold back. The perfect overtake is one where you overtake firmly and precisely, with no interference to any other vehicle, keeping well away from the vehicle or vehicles you are overtaking. You then glide into the next position, without causing the vehicle or vehicles you are overtaking to brake. It will convey to other road users why they should ride motorcycles!
Overtaking from lefthand bends is achieved in the same manner as righthand bends except for position and the clearing of the lefthand edge beyond the bend. The position would be left of centre if we can retain the view ahead of the vehicle or vehicles. If this is not possible the view should be taken to the nearside of the vehicle ahead.
If the visual point starts to move away rapidly on a lefthand bend it will tell you that the road is straightening. By the time you have maximum view you should have achieved an overtaking position and made the correct decision to go or hold back.
If you have to think about it do not do it. By thinking about it you have wasted precious seconds and in that time you could have effected an overtake. Do not be anxious about overtakes as the important part is the lead up to and the correct positions.
The important part is the technique. When you are overtaking do it as fast as you can, do not hang about. Before executing the overtake check the righthand mirror, indicate then go.
Do not follow any other vehicle out for this manoeuvre, except on motorways or dual carriageways; it may lead you into dangerous situations. If the vehicle you are following aborts an overtake you would be in a vulnerable position; wait until he is clear and then consider overtaking. Always plan to overtake to a place you can see to be safe and easy. On motorways or dual carriageways following a vehicle for an overtake does not present the rider with much problems as above.
Overtake of a high-sided vehicle from a lefthand bend requires the utmost skill. There is no question that this movement should be studied very carefully and not acted upon until the technique is completely understood.
Following a large vehicle around a lefthand bend the view must be maintained to its nearside. If the view is lost, even momentarily, the manoeuvre must be started all again. Once you have the visual point ahead of the high-sided vehicle you are following, pick a point to the offside ahead of him, and mark it in your mind. With the vehicle continuing around the bend the previously marked point comes into view to the rear offside of the vehicle. At this point you know that there are no vehicles along the offside of the vehicle you are following. (This is why it is most important not to lose the view ahead at any time on the nearside of the vehicle for fear that a vehicle out of your view has moved inside dead ground on the large vehicle's offside).
The next phase is to wait until you clear the road ahead of all obstructions, any junctions or moving vehicles. The view and distance must be extensive to have time to overtake the length of the vehicle you are following, taking into consideration his speed, your speed, speed of vehicles in view and possible speed of vehicles out of your view. Consider the time it will take to pass, taking into account the length of his vehicle, the road and weather conditions. If they are favourable the overtake could be executed; check the rearview mirror, indicate and overtake firmly.
Caution, This manoeuvre is for skilled riders only and no attempt should be taken without being fully familiar with the technique.
Do not overtake if you have not considered where you will go to. It is advisable not overtake where you would cause the driver being overtaken to brake heavily.
If there is a doubt in your mind i.e. “Shall I or shall I not” There is an element which is missing in your technique. Don’t do it.
A three lane carriageway is in my opinion potentially dangerous so distance and timing is essential, make sure you plan where to overtake to.
No overtake is so important that any chances should be taken. An overtake which has not been executed with precision can lead to a very serious accident or incident and can involve innocent road users in a situation that was not of their making.
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